Septic wound and infected cut seriousness depend on the following criteria, what caused it, whether it is clean or has jagged edges, whether it is dirty or has anything embedded in it; and on the degree of bleeding.
Is Septic Wound dangerous?
The minor infected cut needs little treatment. The bleeding usually stops once clot forms over the wound, and the only danger is from any dirt in the wound which can lead to infection.
If a small infected cut is jagged or gaping, it may need more attention, such as a firm dressing to help close it, or even a stitch or two. Again, the main danger is usually that of infection.
How To Treat The Septic Wound?
Stitches may be needed in a deep or jagged infected cut. They may be made from a variety of materials and are usually removed after a few days.
Deep or rough cuts will need care. These include cuts which are bleeding profusely and all but minor puncture wounds.
This last category covers stab type injuries, typically caused by bites or by standing or falling on a sharp object such as a nail.
What Is The First Aid For Minor Septic Wound And Grazes?
The only first aid necessary for small cuts is to ensure that the cut is clean and then to apply a dressing if needed.
Do not try to stop initial bleeding, as this helps to clean the wound. Hold the cut under, or bathe it in, cold water, and use a clean cloth to remove any dirt. Ordinary soap is perfectly adequate for cleaning minor cuts and grazes.
Pat, the area, dry with a clean, non-fluffy cloth, and apply a dressing or plaster to the wound, if necessary.
For gaping cuts, special plasters known as butterfly strips are best. Any. Other sterile dressing held in place with a plaster can be used, but waterproof dressings that do not ‘breathe’ are best avoided.
Small, deep cuts do not usually need dressings unless they are on a joint such as a knee, where they tend to keep reopening. Dirt and grit are often embedded in grapes, so the wound needs to be cleaned properly. Attend to it quickly with soap and cold running water.
What Are The Significant Septic Wound?
Significant cuts can be incised (clean) or lacerated (jagged), and either shallow or profound. There may be an object embedded in the wound.
Such cuts are dangerous, mainly because of the shock which can result from blood loss.
Deep puncture wounds are particularly dangerous. A graze over a large area can also be severe, and the healing process may need a lot of help. If the skin is deeply scraped, it may need to be cleaned under a general anesthetic, and a skin graft is occasionally required to get the wound to heal.
When To See The Doctor?
As soon as possible for a cut or graze, that has dirt or grit embedded in it and that you cannot easily clean yourself. The wound will need to be professionally cleaned and dressed.
If a cut or graze refuses to heal, or if there is oozing pus or redness and soreness around the wound, indicating infection.
When earth or dirt contaminate a cut, a tetanus immunization booster shot may be necessary.
If you have a puncture wound, unless apparently minor.
First Aid For Primary Septic Wound
A deep or gaping wound usually require stitches, and this should be carried out as soon as possible. Unless there is anything embedded in the cut.
You can control the bleeding by pressing a clean pad over the wound and by keeping it higher than the heart – raise a cut arm or get the casualty to lie down and lift the leg if the cut is on the leg.
If there is anything embedded in the wound, do not attempt to remove it. And get the injured person to the nearest accident and emergency department at once.
Meanwhile, try to slow down the bleeding by raising the injured part of the body above the level of the person’s heart, and by applying very gentle pressure around the edges of the wound.
Using a clean cloth. If you can, aim to protect the wound by putting thick, fresh padding around it so that the padding, is higher than the embedded object.
Then lightly cover the injured area with a sterile dressing. A lacerated wound also needs prompt attention. If no sterile dressing is available,
cover the wound with clean gauze, cover the gauze with wads of cotton wool, bandage it and get the person medical aid as soon as possible.
All but a minor puncture wound should be seen by a doctor, as there may be internal damage, so you should cover the wound with a clean dressing and immediately take the patient to the hospital.
If the patient is obviously in shock – or take the casualty to the doctor’s surgery or hospital accident and emergency department as soon as possible.
All cuts, but particularly those caused by dirty farm or garden implements may cause tetanus (lockjaw). Everyone should have tetanus boosters regularly as routine protection. See your doctor if you are cut in circumstances which are likely to lead to tetanus.