Male thrush causes sore creamy-yellow raised patches in the mouth. Prompt treatment with an antifungal drug clears this condition.
What is Thrush (Male Thrush)?
Male thrush is a fungal infection most commonly caused by the Candida albicans fungus. It is normally present in the mucous membranes of the mouth, intestinal tract, the vagina and the skin of healthy people.
However, on occasion, there is an excessive growth of fungus which causes minor infections. One variation, chronic mucociltaneolis candidiasis, affects the skin, nails, and mucous membranes, and in rare cases spreads throughout the body and results in systemic thrush. Systemic thrush can cause damage to the heart, lungs, brain or kidneys.
Types Of Thrush (Male thrush)?
- Vaginal itching.
- A white, cheesy looking, discharge.
- Creamy, yellow, raised sores in the mouth and throat.
Effects Of Thrush (Male thrush)?
- Red, itchy skin patches.
- Redness and swelling around nails.
- Oral and vaginal thrush
- Hair loss.
Symptoms Of Thrush (Male thrush)?
- Specific symptoms indicating endocarditis, blood poisoning, meningitis or pneumonia.
What Causes Thrush?
Thrush (Male thrush) is almost always present in the body, but bacteria that are also present usually keep it under control. Sometimes these bacteria fail in their task, allowing fungal overgrowth and infection.
Thrush may develop when your resistance is low due to illness. It also occurs as a side effect of antibiotic treatment for a bacterial infection since antibiotics may destroy not only the bacteria causing the illness but also the beneficial bacteria that control fungal growth.
Thrush is particularly common in people who have diabetes since excess blood sugar promotes fungal growth. Oral thrush is most common in babies, the elderly, and those who are weakened by illness. In the last of these, the infection may spread to the esophagus (gullet) making swallowing difficult.
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis is often associated with an endocrine hormone abnormality, such as an underactive thyroid or Addison’s disease.
Systemic Thrush Infections Are Most Likely To Occur In
- People with AIDS, leukemia, or poorly controlled diabetes.
- Drug abusers, including chronic alcoholics and intravenous drug addicts.
- People who are taking regular antibiotic or anticancer drugs.
How Is Thrush Diagnosed And Treated?
Since the Candida albicans fungus is present in almost everyone’s body, cultures of vaginal secretions, saliva, or tissue samples to detect the fungus are of little use in diagnosis. The doctor will, therefore, look for characteristic symptoms and try to rule out other causes.
Treatment for mild, localized thrush infection usually involves the application of an antifungal preparation, but more serious infections need oral or intravenous anti-fungal drugs. Treatment for localized Thrush varies from 1 to 10 days. Occasionally, however, thrush may recur, requiring further treatment. Sexual partners will occasionally reinfect each other with the fungus unless both complete a full course of treatment.
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis can be mild, affecting only a single nail or extensive enough to disfigure significant areas of the face and scalp. This form of infection can be particularly difficult to treat. Sometimes it may take months to eradicate.
Thrush infections affecting the whole body may result in endocarditis (a condition which causes inflammation of the lining and valves of the heart), blood poisoning, meningitis, kidney disease, lung disease, or bone infection. The treatment of these conditions is not always successful.
What Can I Do to Avoid Thrush (Male thrush)?
- If you have diabetes, maintain strict control of your blood-sugar levels.
- Avoid the excessive use of alcohol.
- Do not use intravenous drugs.
- Do not take any antibiotic unless prescribed by your doctor.
When Should I See My Doctor?
If you have symptoms of vaginal or oral thrush, or of the more severe types of candidiasis, you should see your doctor as soon as possible. The longer the fungus is allowed to develop, the more difficult it can be to control.
What Will The Doctor Do?
Anti-fungal drops, tablets or lozenges are prescribed for oral thrush. For vaginal thrush, antifungal pessaries and cream are prescribed. Systemic candidiasis may require intravenous administration of antifungal medications. In cases of severe chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, it may be necessary to remove affected nails as well as administering antifungal drugs.
Is (Male thrush) Dangerous?
Thrush which spreads throughout the body can be life-threatening for people with low immunity, such as AIDS sufferers. However, minor, localized thrush is not dangerous and usually responds well to a course of treatment.
Applying live yogurt into the vagina helps control vaginal thrush. The beneficial effect is due to the bacteria present in the yogurt.